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Anti American in Muslim World WWII

· 案例展示

It is often said that US policy behavior since shortly after World War II has substantially

contributed to increased anti-American sentiments within the Muslim world’. To what

extent can such a view be backed by credible evidence? Illustrate your discussion with

specific examples.

1. introduction (600)

1.1The new world structure after World War II and the strong position of the US. 250

1.2 the situation of Muslim world 150

1.3 major policies and anti-American sentiments in Muslim world (structure of paper)


2. The first is related to America’s involvement in the internal political and

economic affairs of a number of countries with large Muslim populations (1000)

sub topic: 3 paragraphs

2.1. Military in Saudi Arabia


During the Cold War, America propped up dictators seen as friendly to the U.S., and

worked to topple regimes with leanings toward the Soviet Union. American “over

identification” with unpopular local dictators like the Shah of Iran or Sadat in Egypt was

one factor contributing to mass anti-American sentiment (Parker, 1988, 53).

2.2 Pakistani


American involvement in Pakistani political and economic life, for example, is widely

deplored, and secular elites tend to describe their ill feelings toward the U.S. in terms of

“capitalist or imperialist exploitation” (Kizilbash, 1988, 59, 63).

3. American support for the state of of Israel. (700)

There is widespread anger on the part of many Muslims towards the U.S. for political

support of Israel, which is invariably seen as coming at the expense of Palestinian


3.1 Israeli–Palestinian issue .Hammond (2007, 57) writes that, “views of the United

States today are first and foremost conditioned by American policy vis-a`-vis the Israel-

Palestinian conflict and the degree to which the United States is seen backing Israel to the

detriment of the Palestinians.”

3.2 In 1947, the U.S. and the Truman administration, under domestic political pressure,

pushed for a solution and resolution on the Arab–Israeli conflict

e.g. The Six Day War and Black September


Kissinger's idea was to bolster Israel with funds and weapons in order to keep the Arabs

down and the Russians out. His plan reached fruition after the 1973 October war, when

he plotted to exclude the Palestinians from the post-war settlement and remove Egypt

from the Arab military line up, thus laying the foundations for the 1979 Egyptian-Israeli

peace treaty. Indeed, the treaty guaranteed Israel's supremacy for the next three decades,

while exposing Lebanon, Syria and the Palestinians to the full force of Israeli power.

Israel invaded Lebanon in 1982, killing 17,000 people.()

4. Anglo-American Petroleum Agreement (700)

4.1 One leading planner pointed out that control over Middle East oil would yield

substantial control over the world. France was expelled from the region, the British were

gradually reduced to a junior partner, and the US emerged as the dominant force in

controlling Middle East oil.

4.2 The Gulf war. The U.S. also came to replace the United Kingdom as the main

security patron of the Persian Gulf states in the 1960s and 1970s

5. Inconsistency in foreign policy (600)

admiration -> hate

e.g attacking Iraq for having invaded Kuwait

e.g allowing Israel to occupy Palestinian

e.g .Sudan vs in Chechnya

6. Conclusion and Comments 400 words

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